ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

Thứ Năm, 23 tháng 3, 2017

Conditions for Establishing Representative Office in Vietnam

Decree No. 07/2016 / ND-CP regulating the Commercial Law regarding representative offices and branches of foreign traders in Vietnam that have recently been issued by the Government.
Accordingly, foreign traders can establish their representative offices and branches in Vietnam under Vietnam’s commitments in international treaties to which Vietnam is a member. A foreign trader cannot establish more than one representative office or branch with the same name within a province or city under central authority.
Foreign traders are licensed to establish representative offices when they meet five conditions:
– Foreign traders can establish and register for business in accordance with law of nation and territories participating in international treaties in which Vietnam is a member, or recognized by the law of those nations and territories.
– Foreign traders that have been in operation for at least one year from the date of establishment or registration.
– In case the certificate of business registration or papers with equivalent value of the foreign traders have prescribed the time limit for operation, then the duration must be at least 1 year from the date of submitting record.
– The operation of the representative office must match the commitment of Vietnam in the international treaties in which Vietnam is a member.
– The case where the operation of the representative office is inconsistent with Vietnam’s commitments or foreign traders do not belong to any nations and territories participating in the international treaties in which Vietnam is a member, the establishment of representative offices must be approved by the Minister of specialized management.
The Decree also stipulates the conditions for foreign traders to be granted licenses to establish their branches. Specifically, foreign traders will be licensed for the establishment of branches when they meet 5 conditions:
– Foreign traders can establish and register for business in accordance with law of nation and territories participating in international treaties in which Vietnam is a member, or recognized by the law of those nations and territories.
– Foreign traders that have been in operation for at least five year from the date of establishment or registration.
– In case the certificate of business registration or papers with equivalent value of the foreign traders have prescribed the time limit for operation, then the duration must be at least 1 year from the date of submitting record.
– The operation of the branch office must be consistent with the market-opening commitments of Vietnam in the international treaties in which Vietnam is a member, and in line with the business lines of the foreign trader.
– If the content of the branch operation is inconsistent with Vietnam’s commitments or foreign traders do not belong to any nations and territories participating in the international treaties in which Vietnam is a member, the establishment of branches must be approved by the Minister of specialized management.
The license for the establishment of representative office and branch of foreign traders have a term of 5 years but does not exceed the remaining term of the certificate of business registration or papers of equivalent value of the foreign trader in the case that those papers contain provisions on the term.
Source: ANTLawyers

Thứ Tư, 22 tháng 3, 2017

How Foreign Entity Could Set-up Representative Office in Vietnam?

A foreign business entity or a foreign trader is allowed to establish Representative Office in Vietnam according to the Commercial Law No 36/2005 and Decree No. 72/2006/NĐ-CP dated July 25th, 2006 detailing the commercial law regarding Vietnam-based representative offices and branches of foreign traders.
Representative office of a foreign business entity in Vietnam (referred as “Representative Office”) means a subsidiary unit of the foreign business entity, established in accordance with the law of Vietnam in order to survey markets and to undertake a number of commercial enhancement activities permitted by the law of Vietnam.  Representative Office will need to apply and obtain the establishment license; and have a seal bearing the name of the representative office.
Setting up a Representative Office is less complicated from setting up a company in Vietnam.  The Vietnam Department of Trade will be approving the establishment of Representative Office in Vietnam while Vietnam Ministry of Planning and Investment will be the State agency that coordinate the setting up a company in Vietnam.  The time duration to establish a Representative Office is shorter than to establish a company.  There are fewer conditions to meet than conditions in setting up a company in Vietnam.  The main difference between a Representative Office and a company in Vietnam is that the Representative Office could not directly conduct profit making activities.
Rights of the Representative Office:
  • To operate strictly in accordance with the purposes, scope and duration stated in the license for establishment of such representative office;
  • To rent offices and to lease or purchase the equipment and facilities necessary for the operation of the Representative Office;
  • To recruit Vietnamese and foreign employees to work for the Representative Office in accordance with the law of Vietnam;
  • To open accounts in foreign currency and in Vietnamese Dong sourced from foreign currency at banks which are licensed to operate in Vietnam, and to use such accounts solely for the operation of the Representative Office.
Obligation of the Representative Office:
  • Not to directly conduct profit making activities in Vietnam;
  • Not to enter into commercial contracts of the foreign business entity or to amend or supplement such contracts already signed except where the head of the Representative Office has a valid power of attorney from the foreign business entity;
  • To pay taxes, fees and charges and to discharge other financial obligations in accordance with the law of Vietnam;
  • To report on the operation of the Representative Office in accordance with the law of Vietnam
A foreign company which has effectiveness business activities will be allowed to open the Representative Office in Vietnam if this company has real demand to open the market in Vietnam and meet conditions as below:
  • Being a business entity or trader recognized by the law of the country or the territory (hereinafter referred to collectively as the country) where it has been lawfully established or made its business registration;
  • Having been operating for at least one year after its lawful establishment or business registration in its country.
The issuing period will be within 20 working-days after the date of submitting the full valid documents as requested.
ANT Lawyers has law offices in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh, and Da Nang City.  For advice or service request, please contact us via email ant@antlawyers.vn, or call +84 8 3520 2779.  To learn more about us, visit www.antlawyers.vn.

Source: ANTLawyers

Thứ Hai, 20 tháng 3, 2017

How To Protect Trademark in Vietnam?

Trademark protection in Vietnam is initially obtained through trademark registration.
Trademark opposition could be filed to prevent a pending application for a mark from being granted application.  Litigation is the final measure to handle dispute during trademark protection in Vietnam.
Trademark is a sign that help distinguish the goods or services of one enterprise from those of others. Together with industrial design and patent, trademark of goods and services plays an extremely important role for the growth of the enterprise. Trademark establishes a link between enterprise and customer.  A strong trademark will attract customers to use goods or services. When trademark is popular and economic benefits achieved through sale of goods or provision of services coupled with trademark is large, the violation of trademark is inevitable.
The annual reports of the Vietnam National Office of Intellectual Property (NOIP) prove that trademark violation in Vietnam is the most popular, among other industrial property rights.  According to the preliminary annual report in 2011, and 2012, there has been more than 1,000 cases of trademark violations each year.  Report of 2013 shows more than 2,000 trademark infringements were handled with the total fines of trademark violators of around USD 1 million.  Having said that, it is important for trademark owner to register trademarks in Vietnam for better protection.  This is also suggested for even well-known trademarks.
For registration, trademark owner has two options: either directly register trademark in Vietnam by filling an application for registration with the Vietnam NOIP, or seek the protection in Vietnam through Madrid’s system.  For the first option, the trademark owner needs to prepare, file for registration, and pay fee as the requirement of Vietnam Intellectual Property law.  In case trademark needs to be protected in a number of nations, including Vietnam, trademark owner may register trademark through Madrid’s system.
Where the violation of trademark occurs, trademark owner needs to judge the level of infringement, level of damage to choose suitable resolutions.  Initially, the trademark owner may protect by requiring to the trademark violator to terminate the infringing acts, apologize, and rectify. In case of being damaged, trademark owners have rights to claim compensation.  If failing to reach result, trademark owner may use settlement mechanism through negotiation or mediation or could request the competent state agencies to handle acts of infringement through i.e. filling a denunciation application and submitting to the Vietnam NOIP.  Litigation might be required to handle acts of infringement.  Generally, the proceeding of civil litigation is more complex than the arbitration proceeding. In cases the trademark owner needs a decision from court in order to end trademark infringement, civil litigation is top priority. In the remaining cases, arbitration is a better choice with advantages of cheaper cost, shorter settling time, and more flexible.

Source: ANTLawyers

Chủ Nhật, 19 tháng 3, 2017

Marriage Involving Foreign Elements in Vietnam

Cross culture marriage in Vietnam is getting more popular due to the further integration of Vietnam into world’s economy and people relocation for better living.
It is understandable that a foreigner who works and lives in Vietnam wishing to register marriage with a Vietnamese or even another foreigner under Vietnam laws.
However, it is challenging for foreigners to be aware of the legal provisions governing the issue of marriage involving foreign elements in Vietnam. The parties involved in the marriage should to go through not so simple administrative procedures, because of the complexity of managing and protecting the legitimate rights of not only Vietnamese citizens, but also foreigners, to be governed under the Law on Civil Status.  It is not unfamiliar when husband and wife agree to sign prenuptial agreement, agreements on personal assets and properties, and agreements to separate assets and properties during the marriage time.
Procedures for Registration of Marriage in Vietnam
According to the current law provisions, the competence to register marriage between a Vietnamese citizen and a foreigner belong to the District People’s Committee where the Vietnamese citizen is residing. In addition to papers relating to declarations and documents that must be prepared, in order to marry a Vietnamese citizen, a foreigner have to submit papers proving their marital status issued by a competent authority of the country which he/she is a citizen. The certificate issued no more than six months, up to the time of application, confirming the current no spouse. In case, foreign law does not provide for the granting of papers certifying the marital status, the papers shall be replaced by the foreign competent bodies certifying that such persons meet all the marriage conditions under the laws of that country. Documents, papers issued by the competent authority of the foreign country must be notarized, legalized and authenticated.
After submitting complete, and valid dossiers and paying the necessary fees, if the marriage conditions are fully met, the chairperson of the District People’s Committee will approve the application. Upon marriage registration, both husband and wife must be present at the head office of the People’s Committee, and both will sign in the marriage certificate.
Foreigner’s Challenges?
To register marriage involving foreign in Vietnam, foreigners must have a marital status documents issued by a foreign competent authority where he/she is a citizen. Depending on the country, the paper proving citizen’s marital status issued to citizens when they apply for marriage registration is different. Most of the difficulties the foreigners encountered are the application for the issuance of papers abroad and at the same time they must carry out administrative procedures for the legalization of that document at the competent authority in Vietnam. Thus, the time required to prepare necessary documents and documents is generally long with strict administrative procedures.
In fact, marriages involving foreign couples encounter procedural difficulties and take a considerable amount time for preparation.
ANT Lawyers have experience in civil and family matters to advice clients whom are interested for such legal service in Vietnam.   We assist our clients in the process of reviewing agreements, procedures and concerned matters in civil and family.
Source: ANTLawyers.vn



Thứ Tư, 15 tháng 3, 2017

Anti – Dumping Tariff May Officially be Imposed on Galvanized Steel

The result of anti – dumping investigation into galvanized steel originating from China, Korea imported into Vietnam was issued on Mar 6th, 2017 after one year of investigation.
Ministry of Industry and Trade has informed about the final finding of anti-dumping investigation into Galvanized Steel exported to Vietnam from China, and Korea.
Accordingly, on March 3rd, 2017, Vietnam Competition Authority (VCA) finished investigation process of the case and sent the final determination daft to concerned parties.
Based on the conclusion, Ministry of Industry and Trade shall decide whether or not to apply trade remedy measures galvanized steel.
On March 3rd, 2016, Ministry of Industry and Trade issued Decision No. 818/QĐ-BCT on investigation of anti-dumping case against galvanized steel products originating from People’s Republic of China (including Hong Kong) and South Korea imported into Vietnam.
The investigation duration is one month. During the investigation process, on Sep 1st, 2016, Ministry of Industry and Trade imposed temporary anti – dumping tariff on Galvanized Steel imported into Vietnam
Accordingly, the temporary anti-dumping tax rates on galvanized steel originating from China (includes Hong Kong) and Korea is between 4.02-38.34%
Many businesses were imposed at high tax imposed the temporarily for anti-dumping upto 38,34%.
If the temporary anti-dumping tariff is continued to be imposed, many Vietnam steel corporations will benefit.  In the meantime, the foreign steel exporter whom export to Vietnam considers decision of imposing high anti-dumping rates are unfair due to the way VCA utilized to calculate the dumping margin.
The  anti-dumping laws in Vietnam will continue be adjusted as Vietnam further integrate into the global business.  The changes of laws will be monitored by ANT Lawyers international trade practice  in Hanoi, Da Nang and Ho Chi Minh City to provide clients with updates.
ANT Lawyers has law offices in HanoiHo Chi Minh, and Da Nang City.  For advice or service request, please contact us via email ant@antlawyers.vn, or call +84 8 3520 2779.  To learn more about us, visit www.antlawyers.vn.


Source: ANTLawyers.vn

Thứ Ba, 14 tháng 3, 2017

Intellectual Property and Trademark Registration

Trademark is a sign for consumers to identify the goods or services of each company from those of others.
In Vietnam, many businesses today have not paid sufficient attention to trademark protection.  Only when their trademarks would be infringed by other companies or competitors, they really concern to protect their trademarks and business through trademark registration, trademark opposition or take further actions.  Such situation will negatively impact the business financially.

Register trademark in Vietnam

Trademark rights will be protected within the national territory, therefore when a trademark has been registered in Vietnam, it will be protected in Vietnam.  If one company wishes their trademarks to be protected in other countries, it could:
  • Directly register in each country or
  • Register via the Madrid International registration by filing a single application which indicates the registrations at respective countries.
If registered under the Madrid International, firstly, trademarks must have been submitted trademark applications or have registered in Vietnam, depending on whether the country for protection is under the Madrid Protocol or the Madrid Agreement.
Law on Intellectual Property and its related documents could also be referred to for further information.
ANT Lawyers’ services in the field of trademark registration advice covers:
• Look-up, assess and consult possibilities to register trademark in Vietnam and abroad;
• Represent clients in applying for certificates of trademark registration, record modification, extend degree of trademark protection in Vietnam and abroad;
• Evaluate the effectiveness of the certificate of trademark registration and the possibility of trademark rights violation;
• Implement of the protected trademark rights: investigate, monitor, negotiate, seek arbitration or initiate a lawsuit or request other competent agencies for handling of infringement in Vietnam and abroad;
• Negotiate, draft, evaluate and register the of changing trademark ownership in Vietnam and abroad;
•  Advise on building strategies, brand development;
ANT Lawyers has law offices in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh, and Da Nang City.  For advice or service request, please contact us via email ant@antlawyers.vn, or call +84 8 3520 2779.  To learn more about us, visit www.antlawyers.vn.
Source: ANTLawyers.vn







Thứ Hai, 13 tháng 3, 2017

Construction Operation License Instead of Contractor’s Permits for Foreign Contractor in Vietnam

The foreign contractors are only permitted to carry out construction activities in Vietnam so long as being granted construction operation license by Ministry of Construction as per the Construction Law.
EPC Contractors have increasingly been interested to learn the requirements of licenses and permits to operate in Vietnam. It is advised that the construction law firm in Vietnam with lawyers specializing in construction area to assist the foreign contractors to understand the legal frameworks, and requirements of foreign contractors before and after taking on construction projects in Vietnam after bidding result.
The regulations and procedures are promulgated in Decree No. 59/2015/NĐ-CP on management of construction investment projects and Circular No.14/2016/TT-BXD guiding on licensing construction activities and management of foreign construction contractors in Vietnam.
Investment in construction activities has been growingly rapidly. In order to meet the tender conditions and take part in construction activities in Vietnam, foreign contractors shall follow the regulations in Vietnam and obtain proper license during the preparation and the execution of the construction of the project.
Prior to construction operation license, foreign constructors have experienced another form of permit named contractor’s permits for foreign contractors in Vietnam. These are two concepts however the process of registration and document requirements are not so different.
There has been an effort to harmonize and reduce differences and conflicts arisen in many fields of laws regulating the mentioned subject and the new provisions of the Law on Bidding, Construction Law and the Investment Law to be issued in 2014 which establish a stable legal framework for the implementation of foreign contractor’s bidding and construction activities in Vietnam.  This changes does not differentiate which position the foreign contractors are appointed from the lead contractor, the main contractor, contractor to subcontractor consortium. Unlike domestic contractors, foreign contractors must be granted construction operation license for each awarded contract.  The amendment from the contractor’s permits for foreign contractor contribute to the unity of the same concept in different legal instruments regulating the license procedure of foreign contractors operating within the territory of Vietnam, and limit the unnecessary overlaps, difficulties to law interpretation and application of legal entities.
We shouldn’t forget to mention that the amendment of the foreign contractor’s construction operation license is to increase the relevance between the name and nature of the licensed activities of foreign contractors in construction operation. One of the initial conditions to a foreign contractor to be licensed is when the contractor has won a bid or been selected to be sub-contractor of an investment project. Therefore, the terms construction operation license shall demonstrate the role of the contractor in the construction projects they have been participated in.
The new construction operation license for foreign contractor is expected to be easier to relate to when foreign contractor take part in construction project in Vietnam.  This would attract more foreign contractors to undertake construction projects in Vietnam to bring in the technology equipment, as well as the management skills to Vietnam.
ANT Lawyers has law offices in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh, and Da Nang City.  For advice or service request, please contact us via email ant@antlawyers.vn,
or call +84 8 3520 2779.  
To learn
more about us, visit www.antlawyers.vn.
Source: ANTLawyers.vn